Italy (officially known as the Italian Republic) is located in Southern Europe, in the center of the Mediterranean Sea. Italy borders France on the north-west, Austria and Switzerland on the north, and Slovenia on the north-east. The Vatican and San Marino are located within Italy.
Italy is located on the Italian Peninsula, with a little bit on the Balkan Peninsula; the Padan Plain and the Alps are in the northern part of the country. Sicily, Sardinia and other small islands are to the south of the Italian Peninsula.
Official language – Italian.
Capital – Rome.
Biggest cities – Rome, Milan, Naples, Turin, Palermo, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Venice.
Form of government – Parliamentary constitutional republic.
Area – 301, 338 km2.
Population – 60,795,612.
Currency – Euro.
ISO Code – IT.
IOC Code – ITA.
Time zone – UTC +1 and UTC +2.